Nilgai Antelope

The reserve near Bharatpur, India was first created for hunting, then became a bird sanctuary, and a refuge for nilgai - large antelope whose raids on crops made them a pest to farmers.

Although never domesticated nilgai have been successfully introduced into Texas, and now there are more living there than in their native India.

Only male nilgai have horns. Males are solitary except during the rut when they establish territories and gather breeding herds of up to ten cows. Nilgai cows and calves tend to stay in herds.

Grzimek's Encyclopaedia of Mammals (vol.5 p.359) recounts that 'grazing nilgais sometimes lower themselves to their "knees" and when eating leaves they can stand up on their hind legs for a short time.' Sadly the film that NHNZ Images has of nilgai does not show this behaviour.

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