Mud Glorious Mud

Mangrove forest, Queensland Australia.

Mangrove swamplands, or mangrove forests are tropical places where the sea meets the land, but in an ill-defined sort of way. No nice beach with high and low water marks, rather a muddy expanse of trees and shrubs.

Mangrove forest, Queensland Australia.

There are about twenty different families of plants that have somehow managed to invade the sea's edge. Twice a day, every day the tides drown, then expose the tangled mass of roots.

Mangrove forest, Queensland Australia.

Mangrove plants much be able to cope with the high salinity of sea water, each species has its own tolerances and differing methods of coping with the harsh environment.

Mangrove forest, Queensland Australia.

Snorkel roots rising from the thick mud provide a continuous air supply to the main roots buried deep below. One problem for mangrove trees that snorkel roots help solve is the poor oxygen level in the waterlogged muddy soil.

Mangrove forest, Queensland Australia.

Once established the roots of mangrove forests provide shelter for young fish, oysters, crabs and other marine invertebrates.

These still frames are taken from NHNZ Images movie clips, which are available for you to purchase for use in your production.